COMPILED BY AMBROSE EHIRIM
Biafra military trainees climb ropes in Owerri, Biafra, August 1, 1968. Soldiers receive uniforms and arms when they are assigned to military units.
AUTHORS: PHILIP GOUREVITCH; JOHN BARTH, LUIGI BIANCHI, ET AL; AUBERON WAUGH; BRUCE FEIGN; OKEY NDIBE; RON DORON; HERBERT EKWE-EKWE; EMMANUEL ONWUBIKO; MARK CURTIS AND ZACH DUNDASS COMPILED AND EDITED BY AMBROSE EHIRIM Alms Dealers: Can You Provide Humanitarian Aid Without Facilitating Conflicts? By Philip Gourevitch, The New Yorker October 11, 2010 In Biafra in 1968, a generation of children was starving to death. This was a year after oil-rich Biafra had seceded from Nigeria, and, in return, Nigeria had attacked and laid siege to Biafra. Foreign correspondents in the blockaded enclave spotted the first signs of famine that spring, and by early summer there were reports that thousands of the youngest Biafrans were dying each day. Hardly anybody in the rest of the world paid attention until a reporter from the Sun, the London tabloid, visited Biafra with a photographer and encountered the wasting children: eerie, withered little wraiths. The paper ran the pict
"I want see no Red Cross, no caritas, no World Council of Churches, no pope, no missionaey and no United Nations delegation. I want to prevent even one Igbo from having even one piece to eat before their capitulation. We shoot at everything that moves and when our troops march into the center of Igbo territory, we shoot at everything even at things that don't move" -----Benjamin Adekunle If the above comment is not bigotry and hatred, what else is?
Fleas versus Falcons over Biafra Short history and assessment of the MFI-9B "MiniCOIN" in Biafran air force service Part I ©Kristjan Runarsson 2002 1 - Synopsis This is a condensed overview of MFI-9B operations and not an attempt at producing a definitive account of these operations. The main motivation for creating it was the fact that the only really detailed account of MFI-9B operations in Biafra is Gunnar Haglunds book "Gerillapilot i Biafra" which, as the name suggests, is written in Swedish and has to the best of my knowledge not been translated into English. I hope this short account will give English speaking readers some insight into these operations which left an air force well stocked with "serious military hardware" more of less impotent to react to attacks by a handful of piston engined, rocket equipped, primary trainers. 2 - MiniCOIN an eccentric idea becomes reality Carl Gustav von Rosen can with some justification be said to be one of the 2
Time Monday, January 26, 1970 THE five hollow-eyed travelers who stepped warily from a Nigerian Airways plane at Lagos Airport one night last week had the fugitive look of men on the run. They were driven to the Federal Palace Hotel through deserted streets heavy with the stifling heat of Africa's dry season. Next morning, after a fitful sleep, they were escorted to the Dodan military barracks in a suburb of the Nigerian capital. There, in the first formal surrender ceremonies to end a military conflict since World War II, Biafra's Major General Philip Effiong signed a document ending the bitter 31-month civil war that has raged between Nigeria and its breakaway Eastern Region. Said Effiong, in a simple act of fealty to Major General Yakubu Gowon, Nigeria's head of state and commander of its armed forces: "We are firm, we are loyal Nigerian citizens, and we accept the authority of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria. The Republic of Biafra ceases to exist."